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History of The Australian Botanic Garden

Showcasing approximately 4000 species of Australian native plants, the garden is part of the Royal Botanic Garden and Domain Trust and home to the Australian PlantBank, a major scientific research and conservation centre for the flora of NSW.

Fast Facts


The Australian Botanic Garden covers an area of 416 hectares (4,160,000 square metres).


The Garden is home to more than 4000 native and introduced plant species.


Originally a farm, the Garden stands on land that was originally part of 3000 acres (12,140,569 square metres or 1214 hectares) that were granted to Magistrate William Howe in 1818. The Garden's timeline tells you more about its history after settlement.


There are sculptures and artworks spread around the Garden. 


In the Garden's first years of being open, patronage was around 100,000 people per year. In 2011, the entry fee was abolished and visitation increased significantly. The Garden welcomed 400,000 visitors in 2016.